Instructions for Authors

Philosophy of Arab Economic and Business Journal

For more information, please see Arab Economic and Business Journal Aims and Scope page.

Who Can Submit?

Anyone may submit an original manuscript to be considered for publication in Arab Economic and Business Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the manuscript . Authors are the initial owners of the copyrights to their works before publication (an exception in the non-academic world to this might exist if the authors have, as a condition of employment, agreed to transfer copyright to their employer).

Peer Review approach

This journal follows a double-blind reviewing procedure. Authors are therefore requested to submit:

  • A blinded manuscript without any author names and affiliations in the text or on the title page. Self-identifying citations and references in the article text should be avoided.
  • A separate title page, containing title, all author names, affiliations, and the contact information of the corresponding author. Any acknowledgements, disclosures, or funding information should also be included on this page.

For further details regarding our peer review procedure, please, see under “Peer Review Policy”

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Translated articles

The journal does not wish to receive translated articles unless this is invited by the Editors-in-Chief.

Manuscript preparation

Submission Checklist

  • read the Aims & Scope to gain an overview and assess if your manuscript is suitable for this journal;
  • use the Microsoft Word template or LaTeX template to prepare your manuscript;
  • make sure that issues about publication ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data and references format have been appropriately considered;
  • Ensure that all authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript.
  • Authors are encouraged to add a biography (optional) to the submission and publish it.

Submission Template

Please download AEBJ article template, and use it when formatting your article for submission to the journal.

English Language Editing

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English, you should consider:

  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Use a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review.
  • Papers will undergo a quick check of grammar and phrasing. However, as a journal we do not provide professional editing services. If extensive English corrections are necessary, you are required to connect to professional editorial services before the article can be published. Length of manuscript Manuscripts are typically between 8000 and 11000 words with a maximum length of 12.000 words. This includes footnotes but excludes the reference list. Manuscripts submitted to AEBJ should neither be published previously nor be under consideration for publication in another journal. General Structure Research manuscripts should comprise:
    • Front page: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords
    • Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions.
    • Back matter: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest, References.

    Text Formatting

    Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

    • Use a normal, plain font (12-point Times Roman) for main body text.
    • For Footnotes use a normal, plain font (10-point Times Roman)
    • Use italics for emphasis.
    • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
    • Do not use field functions.
    • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
    • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
    • Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
    • Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions). Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX.


    Please use the decimal system of headings with no more than three levels.


    Abbreviations should be defined in parentheses the first time they appear in the abstract, main text, and in figure or table captions and used consistently thereafter.


    Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.

    Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.

    Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.

    Tables and Figures

    To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text. Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves. Avoid the use of overly small type in tables. In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.


    Roman letters used in mathematical expressions as variables should be italicized. Roman letters used as part of multi-letter function names should not be italicized. Whenever possible, subscripts and superscripts should be a smaller font size than the main text.

    Short mathematical expressions should be typed inline. Longer expressions should appear as display math. Also expressions using many different levels (e.g., such as the fractions) should be set as display math. Important definitions or concepts can also be set off as display math.

    Equations should be numbered sequentially. Whether equation numbers are on the right or left is the choice of the author(s). However, you are expected to be consistent in this.

    Symbols and notation in unusual fonts should be avoided. This will not only enhance the clarity of the manuscript, but it will also help insure that it displays correctly on the reader's screen and prints correctly on her printer.

    When proofing your document under PDF pay particular attention to the rendering of the mathematics, especially symbols and notation drawn from other than standard fonts.


    It is the author's obligation to provide complete references with the necessary information. After the last sentence of your submission, please insert a line break—not a page break—and begin your references on the same page, if possible. References should appear right after the end of the document, beginning on the last page if possible. please supply a reference list in alphabetical order using the style guidelines below. Where a DOI is available, this should be included at the end of the reference.

    The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

    The journal uses “Chicago”. In this style, both expanded and abbreviated style is allowed for author’s initials in references but one style must be consistent throughout the article.

  • When referring to pages in a publication, use ‘p. (page number)’ for a single page or ‘pp. (page numbers)’ to indicate a page range.
  • Page numbers should always be written out in full, e.g. 175-179, not 175-9.
  • Where a colon or dash appears in the title of an article or book chapter, the letter that follows that colon or dash should always be lower case.
  • When citing a work with multiple editors, use the abbreviation ‘Ed.s’.
  • Journal names and book titles should be italicized.

Variant with first name initials only:

Journal Article

Philips, J., D.C. Fisher, and S. Kocsal. 2002. Gendered perspectives in TV interviews. Pragmatics 12(3): 257–271.


Singh, R. 1985. Resource Based view. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Book chapter

Cameron, D. 1997. Entrepreneurship, emancipation and empowerment. In: Gender and discourse, ed. R. Wodak, 99-119. London: Sage Publications.

Citations Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:
  • Entrepreneurship research spans many disciplines (Gruber 2011).
  • This result was later contradicted by Yousef and Badr (1996).
  • This effect has been widely studied (Ojediran 1991; Miller et al. 1995; Kim and Li 1998; Leroc et al. 1999).

  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


All figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, webpages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted electronically. Both colour and black and white files are accepted.

There are a few other important points to note:

  • All figures should be supplied at the highest resolution/quality possible with numbers and text clearly legible.
  • Acceptable formats are .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif.
  • Electronic figures created in other applications should be supplied in their original formats and should also be either copied and pasted into a blank MS Word document, or submitted as a PDF file.
  • All figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and have clear captions.
  • All photographs should be numbered as Plate 1, 2, 3, etc. and have clear captions.

Submitting a Revision

Submission steps for a revised manuscript are very similar to those for a new manuscript. After the author receives the Editor's request for a revision, the author can find the submission in the "Submissions Needing Revision" folder. When you are ready to submit the revision:

  1. Go to your "Submissions Needing Revision" folder.
  2. Click the "Revise Submission" link and confirm that you are ready to submit the revised files. This returns you to the submission steps. Revisit any steps that need updating.
For more detailed instructions, please visit this page, or read the "Submitting Revised Manuscripts" section in the Editorial Manager Author Tutorial.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

Authorship Principles

With submission of their manuscript, authors have agreed with all content and with the publication of the content. In case, permission from responsible authorities related to the research are required, authors must have obtained these prior to submission of the manuscript.

With regards to authorship and order of authors, concerned individuals are advised to apply best practices in their specific research area. All authors to the manuscript must have made a) substantial contribution to the paper; b) must have approved of the submitted and publishable version; c) agree to be accountable for the accuracy and integrity of their research.

Authors are responsible for the correct author group as well as for the definition of the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors. Any changes of authorship (e.g. by adding or deleting authors) or changes to the sequence of authors are not possible after acceptance of the paper.

Peer Review Policy

It takes on average 4-6 weeks from the manuscript initial submission to the Editor's first decision. AEBJ applies double-blind peer review following below procedure:

Initial manuscript evaluation is undertaken by one of the Editors-in-Chief who decides whether submitted papers qualify for further review. Manuscripts that are rejected by the editor in chief suffer from serious scientific flaws; lack sufficient scientific originality; have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the aims and scope of the journal. Submissions that meet the minimum criteria are transferred to at least 2 reviewers who, whenever possible, have expertise in the relevant subject matter. Moreover, we try to involve, whenever possible, one editorial board member into the reviewing process. AEBJ adheres to double blind reviewing, where both the reviewer and author remain anonymous throughout the process.

Reviewers evaluate submissions based on their originality, soundness of methodology, ethicality, clearly presented results, which support the conclusions; as well as correct referencing of relevant scholarly work. Reviewers may also suggest language and grammar corrections to the manuscript.

Should the reviewer’s reports fundamentally contradict each or reports are unnecessarily delayed, an additional reviewer will be involved into the process. The reviewers send the review report and their decisions back to the Editor-in-chief, who will inform the author and share with him/her recommendations made by the referees.

Authors then have a certain period of time (defined by the editor-in-chief) to revise their manuscripts and to resubmit them to the journal. Resubmission might be returned to the initial referees for re-evaluation. Reviewers may then accept the paper or request another revision, or they may reject the manuscript if not satisfied with the revision.

Reviewers advise the editor regarding the status of the paper and their evaluation as well as recommendations. It is the editor-in-chief who is responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the manuscript for publication.